Michigan Bankruptcy Laws/Fresh Start

Detroit Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 Consumer Bankruptcy Filings

 I, Walter Metzen, will provide, free of charge as part of your free initial Bankruptcy Analysis, a means test calculation to determine if you are eligible for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy.  Nearly 90% of the people who walk through my door are eligible to file a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy in Michigan and get a permanent discharge of their debt. With Chapter 13 Bankruptcy in Michigan, we can develop and affordable repayment plan to fit every budget.
 

 Contact me, Michigan bankruptcy attorney Walter Metzen to learn more about how I can help you get a Fresh Financial Start!.


BANKRUPTCY BY THE NUMBERS
How Fresh Is the Fresh Start?

Contributing Editors:
Ed Flynn
Executive Office for United States Trustees  
and
Gordon Bermant
Burke, Va.
 

       In this article, we take a broad look at the circumstances of chapter 7 debtors to estimate their net worth, both at the time of bankruptcy and after they have received their discharge. We obtained a rough estimate of the net worth of debtors at the time of filing by subtracting the total debts that they listed on Schedule D (secured), Schedule E (priority) and Schedule F (general unsecured) from the assets that they listed on Schedule A (real property) and Schedule B (personal property). Of course, this presumed that the schedules had all been filled out completely and accurately. For our sample, we used data from 1,269 cases recently closed as no-asset chapter 7 cases in about 60 judicial districts.2 Most of these cases had been filed in early- to mid-2000. The following chart shows the results.

       By our measure of net worth, nearly 90 percent of all chapter 7 no-asset debtors had a negative net worth at the time of bankruptcy. The average net worth was [-$36,623], and the net worth for the median debtor was [-$20,951]. Clearly, most debtors are in poor financial shape at the time they file for bankruptcy.

       Seven of the debtors in our sample had a net worth of more than $100,000, either due to high home equity or large retirement funds. Upon closer examination, this group included two retired widows, a permanently disabled debtor, a separated couple who filed jointly, and a separated male and a separated female. The remaining case involved a low-income working married couple who had $218,000 in their retirement accounts.

Net Worth at Filing

       Next, we tried to estimate the debtor's net worth after bankruptcy. To do this, we assumed that all general unsecured debt reported on Schedule F had been discharged, but that everything else remained the same. (We recognize that this analysis ignores such factors as reaffirmations and surrendered property, and that it presumes that all general unsecured debt is dischargeable and that all priority debt is non-dischargeable.) By this measure, chapter 7 bankruptcy had greatly improved the financial condition of most of the debtors. Nearly three-quarters now had a positive net worth, although for most it was rather small.

       Although bankruptcy may have put them in the black, they hardly had opulent lifestyles. For example, 85.7 percent of the debtors in our sample were either renters or owned a home worth less than $100,000. The average age of their cars was about eight years old. Further, they may face financial troubles in the future, since nearly 70 percent reported that their monthly expenses exceeded their net income.

Homeowners Compared to Renters

       Homeowners were six times as likely to have a positive net worth at filing (19.8 percent) compared to renters (3.6 percent). After bankruptcy, the renters were far more likely to have a positive net worth than the homeowners. This is because, as a group, homeowners have more assets and higher total debts than renters. Some chapter 7 homeowners have substantial negative equity in their homes while others have substantial positive equity. Since we are assuming that the major asset and source of debt (their home) is not affected by bankruptcy, their overall financial status would be less affected by bankruptcy than renters. Even after wiping out their unsecured debt, about one-third of homeowners still have a negative net worth.

Gender

       Joint debtors are more likely to have a positive net worth at filing than either males or females filing alone, but are less likely to have a positive net worth after discharge. This is probably largely due to the fact that a higher proportion of joint filers own homes than renters. The median net worth for males was lower than that of females before bankruptcy, but about the same as females post-bankruptcy.

Conclusion

       There has been much commentary in recent years to the effect that the bankruptcy laws are "broken" and that numerous affluent people are using chapter 7 as a refuge from paying their debts. While exceptions exist, it is encouraging to see that chapter 7 is giving a fresh start to the people for whom it was intended. Most chapter 7 debtors have a substantial negative net worth at filing, but have a small positive net worth after discharge. Based on the information in their schedules, it appears that few affluent people file for chapter 7 bankruptcy, and few are made affluent by filing for bankruptcy.

 

Before and after bankruptcy statistics  broken down into  debtor categories: homeowners, renters, joint filers, males, and females.   See description below for more details.

Footnotes

1 All views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Executive Office for U.S. Trustees or the Department of Justice. 

2 These cases were collected from U.S. Trustee offices between May and October 2000. We selected these cases for this review because we have recorded more detailed data from each of these cases than we obtained from the 4,000 petitions we collected in 1998 and 1999, which enables us to do a more complete analysis. 



Bankruptcy Basics - For Cases Filed on or after October 17, 2005 (pdf)
Bankruptcy Basics - For Cases Filed before October 17, 2005 (pdf)


   
Contact me, Detroit bankruptcy lawyer Walter Metzen today to schedule your free initial consultation. I also offer clients flexible appointment times and same day appointments if necessary. Get in touch with me today to learn how filing bankruptcy may be beneficial for you and your family. Why should you hire a Board Certified Bankruptcy Specialist? Click Here. My office has handled over 10,000 bankruptcy cases in Michigan and will apply this experience to your case as well. My office prides itself on fast, detailed, personal service. There are many different aspects to a bankruptcy case. Some of the different aspects are listed on the links below for you to explore. If you have any questions while exploring this site or would like a free personal bankruptcy consultation, contact my office at (313) 962-4656 or toll free 888-777-FILE. Let me help you Get a Fresh Financial Start today!

 Contact me, bankruptcy attorney Walter Metzen to learn more about how I can help you get a Fresh Financial Start!.

 Be sure to Obtain a copy of your Credit Report after your Michigan Bankruptcy Filing and check it for Mistakes.

Contact me, bankruptcy attorney Walter Metzen to learn more about how the new Chapter 7 bankruptcy law may affect your case. I offer a free initial consultation so we can discuss your case personally.

We are a Debt Relief Agency helping people file for bankruptcy relief under the Bankruptcy Code. Let us help you decide if bankruptcy is right for you.

Bankruptcy attorney Walter Metzen represents clients throughout Southeast Michigan, including the communities of Detroit, Southfield, Warren, Roseville, Farmington Hills, Ann Arbor, Belleville, Canton, Clinton Township, Dearborn, Dearborn Heights, Hamtramck, Highland Park, Holland, Howell, Lincoln Park, Livonia, Macomb, Northville, Plymouth, Port Huron, Redford, Rochester, Saginaw, Southfield, Sterling Heights, Taylor, Trenton, Troy, Westland, Wyandotte, Ypsilanti, Mount Clemens, Howell, Oakland County, Macomb County, Wayne County, Washtenaw County, Livingston County, and all of the surrounding areas.

 


 

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